July 4, 1878, was a red letter day for Graham.

People had come for miles around to hear the speaker, Texas Gov. Richard B. Hubbard. The day was special for other reasons. The year had seen a dramatic upswing in Young County's fortunes.

Commerce Park on the courthouse lawn was where the Fourth of July celebration took place. Dinner was followed by a riding tournament, one of the most popular forms of frontier entertainment.

But the highlight of the celebration was yet to come. The Independence Day program committee had dreamed up entertainment that was one of a kind. They had arranged for a re-enactment of an Indian scalping, most likely by the friendly Tonkawas.